a sample structure was built for visiting by students to achieve the training of freshwater resources conservation culture. It is tried to identify key informants in conducting these structures, especially people whose ancestors were involved in the construction of the structures. Through these people, the training of younger people will be followed.
Historical Water Structures
Grounded in institutionalism, the project believes that technology should be embedded in terms of an indigenous development. In many parts of southern and central Iran people have traditionally developed techniques for water exploitation which were well adapted to the geographic, climatic, and cultural attributes of their own communities. In Qeshm Island, there has been a traditional system of rainwater harvesting developed in the past 100 years. Being adapted to the arid climate of the area with few showers mostly in the spring, the system consists of a network to drain the surface water from short-term showers into a medium sized water pool covered by an arch to prevent evaporation. What is more interesting about that rainwater harvesting structure is the system of its operation and maintenance, which was well consolidated within the local social system. After economic change in the island and increasing the local population, the growing trend of water demand forced the local authorities to resort to desalination of seawater to provide drinking water for the island inhabitants. Relying on desalination for local water provision caused the traditional indigenous social system of rainwater harvesting to be ignored during the past decades resulting in unsustainability. The aim of this project is to restore the historical structures of rainwater harvesting and the social indigenous arrangements for their maintenance through capacity building in youths by knowledge transfer from the elders. We found SDGs well fitted to this project, so the project started to work on such interdisciplinary concepts by talking to experts in various fields. We finally provided a 2 phase-10-section analytical framework to conduct an integrated analysis regarding different soft and hard aspects of the historical water structures in Qeshm Island. The project has been continuously monitored to investigate the performance of implemented practices. The results show that so far the project has been successful to reduce the dependency of the local community on water provision through desalination.
The project includes two phases each one with in five-years. The first phase was started in 2012 and completed in 2016 and the second one has started since 2017 and follows a five years plan up to 2022.
Assistant Professor, Water Engineering Department, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran, expert: Institutional Analysis of Water Resources System.
MSc Graduated in Environmental Engineering, Qeshm Water and Electricity and Utilities Company, Qeshm, Iran.
Professor of Economy, Allame Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran. expert: Institutional Economy.
Associate Professor, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. expert: Sustainable Development.